What is Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Child?

What is Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Child?

What is Acid Reflux in Child?

Acid reflux in children, known as GER (gastroesophageal reflux) or GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), occurs when stomach contents flow back into the esophagus.

The esophagus is the tube connecting the mouth to the stomach. In GER, this happens occasionally and is common in infants. However, if it becomes frequent and causes discomfort, it might be GERD.

It’s crucial to consult with a doctor for proper diagnosis and guidance on the best approach for your child’s specific situation. Always seek professional advice for the best care for your child.

What is Acid Reflux in Child

Symptoms of Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Child

Common signs include frequent

  • Spitting up,
  • Vomiting and discomfort during or after feeding.
  • Your child might experience irritability, arching of the back, or difficulty sleeping due to the discomfort.
  • Some children may develop a chronic cough or wheezing.
  • Weight loss or poor weight gain can also be indicators.
  • Keep an eye out for stomach pain or chest discomfort in older kids who can express these feelings.

If you notice these symptoms regularly, consult a doctor.

Causes of Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Child

Acid reflux in children, including gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), can be caused by a variety of factors.

  • Certain foods, Such as citrus, tomatoes, and spicy or fatty foods, may trigger acid reflux.
  • Obesity, hiatal hernias, and a family history of reflux can also play a role.
  • Additionally, lying down too soon after eating and consuming large meals can increase the likelihood of reflux.
  • Food allergies or sensitivities may contribute to the condition as well.

Treatment of Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Child

For a child with Acid Reflux (GER) or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), it’s crucial to make lifestyle and dietary changes.  Avoid acidic, spicy, and fatty foods, and limit carbonated drinks.

If your child is overweight, work on achieving a healthy weight. Consult a doctor for appropriate medications if lifestyle changes aren’t sufficient. Regular monitoring and communication with the doctor is essential.

Dr. Kailash Mishra
Director & Gastroenterologist Consultant
Prime Gastro Liver Clinic

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