Cancers of GI Tract

Cancers of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract refer to malignancies that develop in the organs of the digestive system. The GI tract includes various organs involved in the digestion and absorption of food, such as the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), rectum, and anus.

  • Esophageal cancer
  • Gastric (stomach) cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Anal cancer

Stomach cancer can initially be asymptomatic, meaning it may not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages. However, as the disease progresses, the following symptoms may arise:

Feeling bloated after eating: Individuals with stomach cancer may experience a sensation of fullness or discomfort in the abdomen, often accompanied by bloating, even after consuming small meals.

Feeling full after eating small amounts of food: Early fullness causes patients to eat less, leading to weight loss.

Nausea: Persistent and unexplained nausea, sometimes accompanied by vomiting, may occur. This can be particularly evident after eating, leading to a reduced appetite and subsequent weight loss.

Heartburn or indigestion: Chronic heartburn, acid reflux, frequent indigestion; consult healthcare for accurate diagnosis.

Symptoms not exclusive to stomach cancer; seek medical attention for an underlying cause.

Endoscopic excision of the mucosa. Endoscopic mucosal resection is a surgical alternative that employs an endoscope to remove precancerous growths and early-stage malignancy from the lining of the digestive tract.

  • Chemoradiation
  • Radiation therapy

In general, men are more likely than women to get gastrointestinal malignancies, and the risk rises with age. These malignancies have been connected in studies to alcoholism, cigarette smoking, and poor diets. Additionally, specific underlying diseases can cause tumors.