What is Lower GI Beed?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What is Lower GI Beed?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What is Lower GI Beed?

A Lower GI (gastrointestinal) bleed happens when there’s bleeding in the lower part of your digestive system, which includes your intestines. This can occur due to various reasons such as ulcers, hemorrhoids, diverticulosis, or colorectal cancer.

When you have a lower GI bleed, you might notice blood in your stool or have black, tarry stools. Regular screenings and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help prevent some causes of lower GI bleeding, like colorectal cancer.

What is Lower GI Beed?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Symptoms of Lower GI Bleed

Symptoms of a lower GI (gastrointestinal) bleed include

  • seeing blood in your stool, which can be bright red or black and tarry.
  • You might also experience abdominal pain or cramping, feeling weak or tired, and having diarrhea.
  • Some people may feel faint or dizzy due to the loss of blood.

It’s essential to seek medical help if you notice any of these symptoms, especially if they’re severe or constant. Getting prompt medical attention can help diagnose the cause and start appropriate treatment to prevent complications.

Causes of Lower GI Bleed

Lower GI (gastrointestinal) bleeding can be caused by several conditions affecting the lower part of the digestive system. Common causes include:

  • Hemorrhoids: Swollen blood vessels in the rectum or anus can bleed, often due to straining during bowel movements.
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancerous growths in the colon or rectum may bleed, especially as they grow larger.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): Conditions like Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis can cause inflammation and bleeding in the intestines.
  • Peptic ulcers: Sores in the lining of the stomach or small intestine can bleed, leading to lower GI bleeding.

Consulting a doctor is important if you experience symptoms of lower GI bleeding to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.

Treatment of Lower GI Bleed

Treatment for lower GI (gastrointestinal) bleeding depends on the cause and severity of the bleeding.

  • Medications: Doctors may prescribe medications to reduce stomach acid, control bleeding, or treat underlying conditions like inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged blood vessels or remove abnormal growths causing the bleeding.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Making dietary changes, managing stress, and avoiding certain medications can help prevent future episodes of lower GI bleeding.

Dr. Kailash Mishra
Director & Gastroenterologist Consultant
Prime Gastro Liver Clinic

Share this post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *