What is Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Adults?

What is Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Adults?

What is Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Adults?

Acid reflux, or GER (gastroesophageal reflux), happens when stomach acid flows back into the tube that connects your mouth to your stomach (esophagus).

This can cause a burning feeling in your chest, known as heartburn. GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a more serious form of acid reflux that occurs regularly and may lead to complications.

When you eat, food goes to your stomach through a one-way valve. Sometimes, this valve doesn’t close properly, letting stomach acid splash back into the esophagus.

This can happen due to factors like obesity, smoking, or certain foods. If it occurs often, it may lead to GERD.

What is Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Adults?

Symptoms of Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Adults

Common symptoms include:

  • Heartburn
  • A burning sensation in the chest
  • Regurgitation, where stomach contents flow back into the throat.
  • Adults may also experience an acidic taste in the mouth, difficulty swallowing, and chest pain. 

If symptoms persist, it’s crucial to consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Causes of Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Adults

Common causes include overeating, consuming fatty or spicy foods, and lying down after meals. Being overweight, smoking, and pregnancy can also contribute.

Certain foods, like citrus, tomatoes, and chocolate, may trigger acid reflux. Hiatal hernia, a condition where the stomach bulges into the chest, can be a factor.

Treatment of Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Adults

Acid reflux can be treated with simple lifestyle changes and medications, including GER (gastroesophageal reflux) and GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease).

  • Try eating smaller meals and avoiding spicy or acidic foods. It’s helpful not to lie down right after eating.
  • Losing excess weight can also reduce symptoms.
  • Avoiding tobacco and limiting alcohol intake can be beneficial. Wearing loose clothing and not bending over too much after meals may help.
  • Some medications can provide quick relief by neutralizing acid.
  • Regular check-ups and treatment plans can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with acid reflux.

Dr. Kailash Mishra
Director & Gastroenterologist Consultant
Prime Gastro Liver Clinic

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