What Is Colonoscopy?, Procedure, Preparation, Important & More

What Is Colonoscopy?, Procedure, Preparation, Important & More

A colonoscopy is a vital medical procedure that plays an important role when it comes to the early detection and prevention of colorectal cancer that might be prone in people. In case you are unaware of the specific info about Colonoscopy.

Well, don’t worry we got you. In this blog, we’ll delve into the specifics of colonoscopy, making it easy to understand and emphasizing its significance in maintaining good health.

What Is Colonoscopy?

A colonoscopy is a medical examination that allows doctors to inspect the inside of the colon (large intestine) and rectum using a long, flexible tube called a colonoscope.

The colonoscope has a tiny camera at its tip, which transmits real-time images to a monitor, giving the doctor a clear view of the colon’s condition.

What Is Colonoscopy?, Procedure, Preparation, Important & More

The Procedure of Colonoscopy

During a colonoscopy, you’ll be given sedation to ensure you’re comfortable and relaxed. The colonoscope is gently inserted through the rectum into the colon.

The doctor carefully examines the colon’s lining for abnormalities. If any polyps are found, they can be removed or biopsied during the procedure. The entire process usually takes about 30 minutes to an hour.

Preparation of Colonoscopy

Preparation is a crucial aspect of colonoscopy. You’ll be required to follow a special diet for a day or two before the procedure and take a laxative to ensure your colon is clean and empty, allowing for a clear examination.

After the Procedure of Colonoscopy

After the colonoscopy, you might feel a little groggy due to the sedation. It’s advisable to have someone accompany you on the journey back home. Most people can resume their regular activities the next day.

Why Is Colonoscopy Important?

Colonoscopy is primarily used for two essential purposes:

  • Screening: It’s a preventive measure to detect early signs of colorectal cancer. Regular screenings can help find and remove polyps (small growths in the colon), which can potentially turn into cancer if left untreated.
  • Diagnosis and Treatment: Colonoscopy is also used to investigate symptoms like unexplained abdominal pain, changes in bowel habits, or gastrointestinal bleeding. It helps doctors diagnose and treat various conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulosis, and more.

Dr. Kailash Mishra
Director & Gastroenterologist Consultant
Prime Gastro Liver Clinic

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